The thought of buying a house can be overwhelming. Starting the home buying process with bad credit can make it seem nearly impossible to get a loan, but did you know there’s such a thing as a bad credit home loan? Your credit might not be as much of a roadblock as you think. In this post, we’ll talk about buying a house with bad credit, understanding your credit score, how to qualify for a mortgage, and ways to increase your score quickly.
Understanding Your Credit Score
When it comes to buying a house, your credit score is one of the most important factors that lenders will look at. A credit score is a three-digit number that ranges from 300 to 850 and is based on the information in your credit report. The higher your score, the better the chances of getting approved for a loan.
When it comes to bad credit, it can be hard to know what score is considered bad. However, a score below 670 is generally considered bad or subprime. If you have a score below 500, it may be difficult to get approved for a mortgage.
Can You Buy a House with Bad Credit?
The short answer is yes, you can buy a house with bad credit. However, it may not be as easy as it would be with good credit. Lenders will look at other factors in addition to your credit score, such as your income, debt, and down payment.
Having cash for a down payment can be helpful when you have bad credit. This is because a high credit score is usually required to qualify for a larger loan amount. By having a larger down payment, you can still afford the home you want even if your credit score is not high enough to qualify for a larger loan.
Different loan options also have different credit score requirements. For example, FHA loans have a minimum credit score requirement of 500, while conventional loans usually require a minimum score of 620.
Loan Options for Bad Credit
When it comes to buying a house with bad credit, there are a few loan options available. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular options:
Conventional loans are not backed by the government and are offered by private lenders. The credit score requirements for conventional loans vary by lender, but a minimum score of 620 is common.
FHA loans are backed by the Federal Housing Administration and are a popular option for first-time home buyers. The minimum credit score requirement for an FHA loan is 500.
VA loans are backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs and are available to veterans and active military members. The credit score requirements for VA loans vary by lender, but a minimum score of 580 is common.
USDA loans are backed by the United States Department of Agriculture and are designed for low-to-moderate income borrowers in rural areas. The credit score requirements for USDA loans vary by lender, but a minimum score of 640 is common.
Improving Your Credit Score
If you’re looking to improve your credit score quickly, there are a few things you can do.
- Check your credit report: Make sure all the information on your credit report is accurate. If you find any errors, dispute them with the credit bureau.
- Pay down your debt: High levels of debt can negatively impact your credit score. Paying down your debt can help improve your score.
- Keep your credit card balances low: High credit card balances can hurt your credit score. Try to keep your balances below 30% of your credit limit.
- Make payments on time: Late payments can hurt your credit score. Make sure to make payments on time to improve your score.
- Consider a credit-builder loan: These types of loans are designed to help people with bad credit improve their score. They typically have small loan amounts and require regular payments, which can help you establish a positive credit history.
- Seek credit counseling: Credit counseling services can help you understand your credit report and develop a plan to improve your score.
Your Options If You Can’t Get Approved For a Bad Credit Mortgage
If your credit score is below 600, FHA or VA loans may be the best options for you. These loans are backed by the Federal Housing Administration or the Department of Veterans Affairs, respectively, and have lower credit score requirements than conventional loans. However, keep in mind that these loans may come with higher interest rates and fees.
Repairing Your Credit Before Applying
While FHA and VA loans may be viable options for bad credit, the best option is to work on repairing your credit score before applying for a mortgage. This can help you qualify for better loan terms and save you money in interest payments. It’s important to understand that the process of repairing your credit score can take time, so it’s best to start early.
Factors that Affect Your Credit Score
To improve your credit score, it’s important to understand the factors that affect it. These include:
- Payment history (35%)
- Credit utilization (30%)
- Age of credit history (15%)
- Credit mix/types of credit (10%)
- Amount of new credit (10%)
By focusing on these factors, you can take the necessary steps to improve your credit score and increase your chances of getting approved for a mortgage.
Waiting Period for Bankruptcy
If you have a bankruptcy on your credit, it’s important to note that you will need to wait at least 2 years before a lender will consider you for a new mortgage.
Boost Your Available Credit
Improving your credit score can be expedited by increasing your available credit. This can be achieved by paying off balances or requesting a credit limit increase. This strategy improves your credit score because it reduces your credit utilization, a significant element in calculating your score. Keep in mind, a higher credit score is beneficial when buying a house or applying for mortgages. Additionally, many credit card companies allow for multiple credit limit increase requests without it affecting your credit negatively.
Adding New Accounts
Adding several new accounts at once can be beneficial as it increases your available credit and improves your credit mix. By doing this all at once, it groups everything together and the inquiries will fall off at the same time, your new accounts will age together and you’ll have more credit available on your report. This can also help establish a stronger payment history on your credit report, and the effects can usually be seen within a month or two.
Paying For Deletions
Pay for deletions is a strategy to remove collections from your credit report. Collections are negative marks that indicate to lenders that you owe money and have not attempted to pay it back.
Even if you pay off the collection, it can remain on your report as “Paid,” which is better than having an outstanding collection. However, the most effective way to improve your credit score is to request that the collection be removed from your credit report when you make a late payment.
Before agreeing to this, make sure to get the agreement in writing. This way, it will be as if the collection never happened, and your credit score will improve, giving lenders less reason to decline your application.
Avoid Hard Credit Checks
It’s important to remember that applying for new credit, such as credit cards or loans, can result in a hard credit inquiry. These types of checks can have a negative impact on your credit score.
To avoid this, be mindful of the type of credit check being done and avoid unnecessary hard inquiries before applying for a mortgage.
Consider a Co-signer
When it comes to buying a house, having bad credit can make it difficult to qualify for a loan. However, one solution to consider is finding a co-signer. A co-signer’s income and assets can be taken into account when applying for a mortgage, which can help increase your chances of getting approved.
In most cases, a co-signer will only help to lower your debt-to-income ratio. This can make it easier for you to afford a higher monthly mortgage payment. Keep in mind, the lowest median credit score of all borrowers on the loan is usually the one that counts. However, if multiple borrowers are getting a loan backed by Fannie Mae, the guidelines allow for lenders to average median scores of the borrowers.
It’s important to note that, for the purposes of determining your interest rate and mortgage insurance cost, the lowest median score is still used. This means your rate may be slightly higher. Additionally, the averaging of credit scores doesn’t apply to every loan option.
We recommend speaking with a home loan expert to determine if a co-signer is right for you and your specific situation. They can also advise you on the best loan options available, taking into account your credit score and co-signer’s credit score.
The Overall Run-Down On Bad Credit Mortgages
When it comes to bad credit home loans, it’s important to keep in mind that having bad credit doesn’t mean homeownership is out of reach. It may require a bit more research when searching for financing options. Government-backed loans such as FHA loans can offer more lenient credit score requirements, like a minimum score of 500.
While the urge to purchase a home quickly may be strong, it’s essential to take the time to evaluate options and compare interest rates before applying for a loan.